SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES||
NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements in this report have been prepared by the Company without audit. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary to present the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the stated periods have been made. Except as described below, these adjustments consist only of normal and recurring adjustments. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the Company’s annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted. These condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with a reading of the Company’s financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on April 16, 2019. Interim results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, and 2018, are not necessarily indicative of future results for the full year. Certain amounts from the 2018 period have been reclassified to conform to the presentation used in the current period.
Emerging Growth Companies
The Company qualifies as an “emerging growth company” under the 2012 JOBS Act. Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. As an emerging growth company, the Company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. The Company has elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period for certain accounting standards.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original term of three months or less to be cash equivalents. These investments are carried at cost, which approximates fair value. We held no cash equivalents as of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018. Cash balances may, at certain times, exceed federally insured limits. If the amount of a deposit at any time exceeds the federally insured amount at a bank, the uninsured portion of the deposit could be lost, in whole or in part, if the bank were to fail.
The Company records accounts receivable at the time products and services are delivered. An allowance for losses is established through a provision for losses charged to expense. Receivables are charged against the allowance for losses when management believes collectability is unlikely. The allowance (if any) is an amount that management believes will be adequate to absorb estimated losses on existing receivables, based on evaluation of the collectability of the accounts and prior loss experience. As of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, management’s evaluation required the establishment of an allowance for uncollectible receivables of $18,383.
Sales Concentration and Credit Risk
Following is a summary of customers who accounted for more than ten percent (10%) of the Company’s revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. No customer accounted for more than ten percent (10%) of the Company’s revenues for the three and months ended June 30, 2019.
Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using the first in first out (FIFO) method. Provision for potentially obsolete or slow-moving inventory is made based on management analysis or inventory levels and future sales forecasts. As of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, management’s analysis did not require any provisions to be recognized.
Costs for intangible assets are accounted for through the capitalization of those costs incurred in connection with developing or obtaining such assets. Capitalized costs are included in intangible assets in the consolidated balance sheets. On October 3, 2018, the Company entered into a Manufacturing Design and Marketing Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Zounds Hearing, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Zounds”), whereby, Zounds as the Subcontractor will provide design, technology, manufacturing and supply chain services to the Company (see Note 15) for a period of ten years. The Company will pay Zounds One Million ($1,000,000) for the right to use proprietary technology (the “Technology Access Fee”). As of December 31, 2018, the Company has capitalized the $1,000,000 Technology Access Fee as an intangible asset on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Technology Access Fee will be amortized over the term of the Agreement. The Company also acquired intangible assets from an asset purchase agreement (see Note 2).
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost, and depreciation is provided by use of a straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The Company reviews property and equipment for potential impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of assets may not be recoverable. The estimated useful lives of property and equipment are as follows:
The Company's property and equipment consisted of the following at June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018:
Depreciation expense of $5,032 and $7,882 was recorded for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, and $221 and $442, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.
Investment in Undivided Interest in Real Estate
The Company accounts for its’ investment in undivided interest in real estate using the equity method, as the Company is severally liable only for the indebtedness incurred with its interest in the property. The Company includes its allocated portion of net income or loss in Other income (expense) in its Statement of Operations, with the offset to the equity investment account on the balance sheet. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recognized a gain of $4,816 and $741, respectively. As of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the carrying value of the Company’s investment in undivided interest in real estate was $1,231,779 and $1,226,963 respectively (see Note 11).
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company measures assets and liabilities at fair value based on an expected exit price as defined by the authoritative guidance on fair value measurements, which represents the amount that would be received on the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability, as the case may be, in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value may be based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The authoritative guidance on fair value measurements establishes a consistent framework for measuring fair value on either a recurring or nonrecurring basis whereby inputs, used in valuation techniques, are assigned a hierarchical level.
The following are the hierarchical levels of inputs to measure fair value:
The carrying amounts of the Company's financial assets and liabilities, such as cash, prepaid expenses, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses, certain notes payable and notes payable - related party, approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments.
The following table represents the Company’s financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, for each fair value hierarchy level:
Embedded Conversion Features
The Company evaluates embedded conversion features within convertible debt under ASC 815 "Derivatives and Hedging" to determine whether the embedded conversion feature(s) should be bifurcated from the host instrument and accounted for as a derivative at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in earnings. If the conversion feature does not require derivative treatment under ASC 815, the instrument is evaluated under ASC 470-20 "Debt with Conversion and Other Options" for consideration of any beneficial conversion feature.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company does not use derivative instruments to hedge exposures to cash flow, market, or foreign currency risks. The Company evaluates all of it financial instruments, including stock purchase warrants, to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported as charges or credits to income.
For option-based simple derivative financial instruments, the Company uses the Monte Carlo simulations to value the derivative instruments at inception and subsequent valuation dates. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is re-assessed at the end of each reporting period.
Debt Issue Costs and Debt Discount
The Company may record debt issue costs and/or debt discounts in connection with raising funds through the issuance of debt. These costs may be paid in the form of cash, or equity (such as warrants). These costs are amortized to interest expense through the maturity of the debt. If a conversion of the underlying debt occurs prior to maturity a proportionate share of the unamortized amounts is immediately expensed.
Original Issue Discount
For certain convertible debt issued, the Company may provide the debt holder with an original issue discount. The original issue discount would be recorded to debt discount, reducing the face amount of the note and is amortized to interest expense through the maturity of the debt. If a conversion of the underlying debt occurs prior to maturity a proportionate share of the unamortized amounts is immediately expensed.
Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC 606”) and all the related amendments. The Company elected to adopt this guidance using the modified retrospective method. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
The core principle of ASC 606 requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than required under U.S. GAAP including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation.
The Company’s contracts with customers are generally on a purchase order basis and represent obligations that are satisfied at a point in time, as defined in the new guidance, generally upon delivery or has services are provided. Accordingly, revenue for each sale is recognized when the Company has completed its performance obligations. Any costs incurred before this point in time, are recorded as assets to be expensed during the period the related revenue is recognized. The Company accepts prepayments on hearing aids and records the amount received as customer deposits on its’ balance sheet. When the Company delivers the hearing aid to the customer, revenue is recognized as well as the corresponding cost of sales.
As of June 30, 2019, the Company had received $71,409 of customer deposits, that will be recognized as revenue after June 30, 2019, when the hearing aids are delivered to the customer.
The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740-10, Income Taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized to reflect the estimated future tax effects, calculated at the tax rate expected to be in effect at the time of realization. A valuation allowance related to a deferred tax asset is recorded when it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of the changes in tax laws and rates of the date of enactment.
ASC 740-10 prescribes a recognition threshold that a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements and provides guidance on recognition, measurement, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition issues. Interest and penalties are classified as a component of interest and other expenses. To date, the Company has not been assessed, nor paid, any interest or penalties.
Uncertain tax positions are measured and recorded by establishing a threshold for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. Only tax positions meeting the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold at the effective date may be recognized or continue to be recognized.
Advertising and Marketing Expenses
The Company expenses advertising and marketing costs as incurred. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, advertising and marketing expenses were $143,800 and $311,584, respectively, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, advertising and marketing expenses were $66,007 and $91,328, respectively.
Effective January 1, 2019, the Company began accounting for leases under ASU 2016-02 (see Note 14). Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and operating lease liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company leases an office space and several retail locations used to conduct our business. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, applying the package of practical expedients to leases that commenced before the effective date whereby the Company elected to not reassess the following: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts contain leases; (ii) the lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and (iii) initial direct costs for any existing leases. For contracts entered into on or after the effective date, at the inception of a contract the Company assess whether the contract is, or contains, a lease. Our assessment is based on: (1) whether the contract involves the use of a distinct identified asset, (2) whether we obtain the right to substantially all the economic benefit from the use of the asset throughout the period, and (3) whether we have the right to direct the use of the asset. We allocate the consideration in the contract to each lease component based on its relative stand-alone price to determine the lease payments. Leases entered into prior to January 1, 2019, are accounted for under ASC 840 and were not reassessed. We have elected not to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for short-term leases that have a term of 12 months or less.
Operating lease ROU assets represent the right to use the leased asset for the lease term and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. As most leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company use an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the adoption date in determining the present value of future payments. Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term and is included in rent in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The Company reports earnings (loss) per share in accordance with ASC 260, "Earnings per Share." Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock, common stock equivalents and other potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period. As of June 30, 2019, and 2018, the Company’s outstanding convertible debt is convertible into approximately 155,394,444 and 90,570,304 shares of common stock, subject to adjustment based on changes in the Company’s stock price, respectively. This amount is not included in the computation of dilutive loss per share because their impact is antidilutive.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In July 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2017-11 “Earnings Per Share (Topic 260)”. The amendments in the update change the classification of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. The amendments also clarify existing disclosure requirements for equity-classified instruments. For freestanding equity-classified financial instruments, the amendments require entities that present earnings per share (“EPS”) in accordance with Topic 260, Earnings Per Share, to recognize the effect of the down round feature when it is triggered. That effect is treated as a dividend and as a reduction of income available to common shareholders in basic EPS. Convertible instruments with embedded conversion options that have down round features would be subject to the specialized guidance for contingent beneficial conversion features (in Subtopic 470-20, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options), including related EPS guidance (in Topic 260). For public business entities, the amendments in Part I of this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this pronouncement as of fiscal 2017.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07 “Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting.” These amendments expand the scope of Topic 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation (which currently only includes share-based payments to employees) to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods or services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned. The ASU supersedes Subtopic 505-50, Equity - Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees. The guidance is effective for public companies for fiscal years, and interim fiscal periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than a company’s adoption date of Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The Company does not anticipate this ASU having a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, “Changes to Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements”, which will improve the effectiveness of disclosure requirements for recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements. The standard removes, modifies, and adds certain disclosure requirements, and is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company will be evaluating the impact this standard will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements upon adoption. The Company does not discuss recent pronouncements that are not anticipated to have an impact on or are unrelated to its financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or disclosures.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef